Wisconsin Odonata Survey

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Enallagma civile  (Hagen, 1861)
Familiar Bluet


Coenagrionidae, Pond Damsel Family

The bluets form a group of about 17 similar species in Wisconsin in which the males usually share the characteristics of having blue and black stripes on the thorax, and blue and black markings on the abdomen. In-hand examinations are usually needed to identify them, although they can be grouped into subcategories based on the amount of black showing on the abdomen. Males are easily identified, under magnification, by the shape of their terminal appendages. Females are generally duller than males, and they are more difficult to identify, which is accomplished by subtle differences in the shape of the mesostigmal plates on the top of the thorax. Generally, males are bright blue while the females are green or yellow-green or blue. There are some species that are yellow-orange, a mix of various colors, or black with some blue.

Status-Global/State:

Global: G5     Wisconsin: S5    

Distinguishing Characteristics:

The male of this species is a blue-type bluet because of its predominantly blue abdomen. In the field, the familiar bluet is similar to the tule bluet, northern bluet, and boreal bluet. The body length varies from 1.1 to 1.5 inches.

Description of Habitat/Range:

The familiar bluet ranges from southern Canada to Mexico. It is usually found in many different habitats, including poorly vegetated lakes, ponds, bogs, slow rivers and streams. In Wisconsin, it is fairly common throughout the state.

Flight Season:

Typical flight season is from early June to late September in Wisconsin. This species is more common in the latter half of its flight season.


Mar
Apr
May
Jun
Jul
Aug
Sep
Oct
Nov
2%
(6)
18%
(63)
16%
(57)
26%
(93)
33%
(120)
4%
(16)
1%
(4)
Shading illustrates monthly percentages of the total flight season records for the species. Each flight season record is a unique date/location/observer combination where one or more adult or an exuvia was recorded (excludes nymphs). The actual number of flight season records for each month is shown in parentheses.

Flight seasons begin earlier in the southern part of the state, often by a week or more. Also, flight charts may not be accurate for rare species because of few data available.
View user-submitted photos

(Click on photos to enlarge)
Photo of Mature male familiar bluet
Mature male familiar bluet. © Dan Jackson

Mature male familiar bluet
Photo of Immature male familiar bluet
Immature male familiar bluet. © Dan Jackson

Immature male familiar bluet
Photo of Teneral male familiar bluet
Teneral male familiar bluet. © Dan Jackson

Teneral male familiar bluet
Photo of Female blue form familiar bluet
Female blue form familiar bluet. © Dennis Paulson

Female blue form familiar bluet
Photo of Female brown form familiar bluet
Female brown form familiar bluet. © Dan Jackson

Female brown form familiar bluet
Photo of Female olive form familiar bluet
Female olive form familiar bluet. © Dan Jackson

Female olive form familiar bluet
Photo of Female and male familiar bluet in wheel
Female and male familiar bluet in wheel. © Dan Jackson

Female and male familiar bluet in wheel



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